The Gustav Stolper Award is awarded to outstanding scientists who have employed the findings of economic research to influence the public debate on economic issues and problems, and have made important contributions to understanding and solving contemporary economic problems.
The award is named after the economist and journalist Gustav Stolper (1888 - 1947) who became co-editor of the Austrian journal "Österreichischer Volkswirt" in 1913 and was founder and editor of various economic publications.
As a board member of the German Democratic Party in the 1930 elections, Stolper was the leading candidate of the newly formed state party and was a member of the Reichstag. After the Nazis took power, Stolper and his family emigrated to the United States, where he worked as an economic advisor to a commission which assessed the political situation in Germany and Austria.
The Stolper Award is awarded irrespective of the age, and scholars may be honored only once.